DNA Repair and Mutagenesis in Mycobacteria

DNA Repair and Mutagenesis in Mycobacteria

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Mycobacterial DNA repair

The Glickman lab, in close collaboration with the Shuman lab, is broadly interested in the pathways and regulation of DNA repair in mycobacteria. Our goals in the DNA repair arena are twofold: 1) to understand the pathways and regulation of DNA repair in mycobacteria as a new model system for prokaryotic repair and 2) to use the knowledge gathered to understand the role of DNA repair pathways in resisting host inflicted DNA damage and the mutagenesis and antimicrobial resistance that results.

These studies have revealed multiple novel aspects of mycobacterial DNA and repair and mutagenesis that differ from more commonly studied model organisms. The include the presence and features of three pathways of double strand break repair (NHEJ, SSA, and HR), the role of phosphorylation in regulating RecA function, the role of the MutT system in antibiotic action, and others (please see publications below).

Funded by NIH grant AI 064693
  1. Division of Labor between SOS and PafBC in mycobacterial DNA Repair and Mutagenesis. Oyindamola O. Adefisayo, Pierre Dupuy, James M. Bean, Michael S. Glickman bioRxiv 2021.08.05.455301; doi: https://doi.org/10.1101/2021.08.05.455301
  2. Dupuy P, Howlader M, Glickman MS. A multilayered repair system protects the mycobacterial chromosome from endogenous and antibiotic-induced oxidative damage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2020 Aug 11;117(32):19517-19527. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2006792117. Epub 2020 Jul 29. PMID: 32727901; PMCID: PMC7431094.
  3. Wipperman MF, Heaton BE, Nautiyal A, Adefisayo O, Evans H, Gupta R, van Ditmarsch D, Soni R, Hendrickson R, Johnson J, Krogan N, Glickman MS. Mycobacterial Mutagenesis and Drug Resistance Are Controlled by Phosphorylation- and Cardiolipin-Mediated Inhibition of the RecA Coprotease. Mol Cell. 2018 Aug 22. pii: S1097-2765(18)30606-3. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2018.07.037. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed
  4. Gupta R, Unciuleac MC, Shuman S, Glickman MS. Homologous recombination mediated by the mycobacterial AdnAB helicase without end resection by the AdnAB nucleases. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 Jan 25;45(2):762-774. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkw1130. Epub 2016 Nov 29. PMID: 27899634; PMCID: PMC5314763.
  5. Gong C., et al., Biochemical and genetic analysis of the four DNA ligases of mycobacteria. J Biol Chem, 2004. 279(20): p. 20594-606.
  6. Gong C., et al., Mechanism of nonhomologous end-joining in mycobacteria: a low-fidelity repair system driven by Ku, ligase D and ligase C. Nat Struct Mol Biol, 2005. 12(4): p. 304-12.
  7. Zhu H., et al., Atomic structure and nonhomologous end-joining function of the polymerase component of bacterial DNA ligase D. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 2006. 103(6): p. 1711-6.
  8. Akey D., et al., Crystal structure and nonhomologous end-joining function of the ligase component of Mycobacterium DNA ligase D. J Biol Chem, 2006. 281(19): p. 13412-23.
  9. Shuman S. and Glickman M.S., Bacterial DNA repair by non-homologous end joining. Nat Rev Microbiol, 2007. 5(11): p. 852-61.
  10. Stephanou N.C., et al., Mycobacterial nonhomologous end joining mediates mutagenic repair of chromosomal double-strand DNA breaks. J Bacteriol, 2007. 189(14): p. 5237-46.
  11. Aniukwu J., Glickman M.S., and Shuman S., The pathways and outcomes of mycobacterial NHEJ depend on the structure of the broken DNA ends. Genes Dev, 2008. 22(4): p. 512-27.
  12. Sinha K.M., et al., AdnAB: a new DSB-resecting motor-nuclease from mycobacteria. Genes Dev, 2009. 23(12): p. 1423-37.
  13. Gupta R., et al., Mycobacteria exploit three genetically distinct DNA double-strand break repair pathways. Mol Microbiol, 2011. 79(2): p. 316-30.
  14. Heaton BE, Barkan D, Bongiorno P, Karakousis PC, Glickman MS. Deficiency of double-strand DNA break repair does not impair Mycobacterium tuberculosis virulence in multiple animal models of infection. Infect Immun. 2014 Aug;82(8):3177-85. doi: 10.1128/IAI.01540-14. Epub 2014 May 19. PubMed PMID:24842925; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4136208.
  15. Gupta R, Ryzhikov M, Koroleva O, Unciuleac M, Shuman S, Korolev S, Glickman MS. A dual role for mycobacterial RecO in RecA-dependent homologous recombination and RecA-independent single-strand annealing. Nucleic Acids Res. 2013 Feb 1;41(4):2284-95. doi: 10.1093/nar/gks1298. Epub 2013 Jan 7. PubMed PMID:23295671; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3575820.
  16. Stallings CL, Stephanou NC, Chu L, Hochschild A, Nickels BE, Glickman MS. CarD is an essential regulator of rRNA transcription required for Mycobacterium tuberculosis persistence. Cell. 2009 Jul 10;138(1):146-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2009.04.041.